The professional social work education and the student social workers are familiar with the paradigmatic shift in the organization. We desire that social workers to be competent to offer quality services to the needy and participate in bringing about structural changes so as to meet the challenges known us during the modern times, and in the light of changing ideologies. We have to deliberate on the requirements for improving the quality and competency of the social work professionals.
We have seen that to practice social work effectively, one must be able to provide a variety of helping services. The social worker not only must be able to work directly with a client or clients, but also must be prepared to understand and work to change the environment of these clients. The social worker must be competent in knowledge, values, and skills to help clients resolve a broad range of existing or potential problems in social functioning.
What are the basic competencies that are fundamental to social work practice?
Depending on the particular job a social worker occupies, the type of agency, client capabilities, problems being addressed, and resources available, the social worker will need to have differing competencies. With a generalist perspective and a gamut of helping techniques, the social worker is prepared to begin most social work jobs. As one becomes experienced and jobs become more specialized, additional skills may be required.
As social work gradually has reached greater consensus regarding how it should be defined, it has become possible to be more precise about the competencies required to fulfill that role. Throughout social work's recent history several efforts have been made to identify the critical tasks performed by social workers. The primary limitation of these approaches was their reliance on experts to describe what social workers do in their daily practice. Too often these descriptions were more assertions about what social workers should be doing than factual statements of what tasks social workers actually perform. NASW conducted a project designed to address its concern that many human service agencies were reducing the professional education requirements for many social work jobs and, therefore, reclassifying them to lower level positions. In an effort to establish a method to determine if there is a valid relationship between the content of professional education programs and social work practice activities, the NASW Classification Validation Project constructed a "job analysis" approach for studying social work practice that yields important empirical data about the activities of social work practitioners.
Several studies have been completed in which the job-analysis methodology has been used. One such study using this methodology yielded the following sixteen clusters of practice activity as performed by social workers in both governmental (public) and voluntary (private) social agencies:
To prepare a competent social worker following Suggestions are given to the academic institutions:
Dr. K. G.PARASHURAMA
Associate Professor and Head, Department of P.G.Studies and Research in Social Work, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College, Ujire- 574240, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India