Though I am not a very regular user of WhatsApp I have opened my WhatsApp today in the evening soon after paying gratitude to the several emergency workers as warriors/ fighters against Coronavirus spread. During Janata curfew, I read a message on one of the WhatsApp group titled as social work professionals comprising of 145 members. I believe all of them are professional social workers. While there were many congratulatory messages on Janata Curfew suggested by Prime minister on 22nd March and also the expression of gratitude towards emergency workers from almost all parts of the country at 5 p.m., of course by members, I was stuck up with one message from a social work educator. The message reads like ‘while offering my respect to all people those who work in an emergency, how the social work profession can be a part of this list. Please guide us for professional visibility, identity, and credibility’. None of the members except one has made any comment on this post in the past 24 hours. I believe that members of this group may have different reasons for finding the question as not so significant or many others have their explanations.
Seeding the thought
“Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way, into the dreary desert sand of dead habit, where the mind is led forward by thee into ever widening thought and action, into that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake” Rabindranath Tagore
If one were to draw blind-folded, an image of an Indian, from what is heard and seen about India and its people by others outside its borders, perhaps it should not be surprising to see anyone drawing a dark, skinny and dusty person with a grim face and a turban wrapped several times around the head, standing amidst dark, gloomy clouds of lust and violence, corruption and scams, pollution and population hovering in the backdrop, holding a deep-pitted begging bowl raised towards any leaking place from which foreign funds have the slightest hint of dripping… no matter how demeaning the picture might be.
To counter declining emotional health of humanity, the stigma attached to counseling needs to be removed and an awareness is to be created about the need and availability of help.
Statistics show that the rate of psychological disturbances leading to suicide, homicide, marital breakdown, alcoholism, drug abuse, etc. is increasing at an alarming rate all over the world. It would seem that as the material comforts of life are increasing due to the scientific explosion, mental health is deteriorating. Mental health is achieved when man is completely psychologically mature or self-actualised, and psychological disturbances are nothing but a failure of such development.
Abstract: Elder neglect is a serious problem, however it is not a priority in the public health domain. This paper highlights the neglect the elderly experience slum demolitions which requires a structural analysis of various forces, the systems, structures and mechanisms that has a direct impact on their health and well being. It illustrates through a slum in an eastern suburb of Mumbai how elders on an average face more and some unique challenges besides lower incomes and higher health care costs, the problems they face in times of slum demolitions and the impact of reduced community support for the elderly. Qualitative data from a doctoral thesis , further explicates the experiences of elders residing in an urban slum who are forced to cope in the midst of inadequate social support and social isolation. On a concluding note, the author discusses how with the diminishing family's role as the major caregiver there is a need to evolve counselling services as a major component within the ambit for protection of the rights of the elderly.
Keywords: violence, demolitions, elderly neglect and counselling needs.
A qualitative inquiry was carried out on thirty respondents who had adolescent children to understand the life cycle tasks of families with adolescents. It was seen that most of the parents of adolescents have to undergo changes in relationships with spouse and children and had to make various adjustments in their lives in order to accommodate the needs of adolescents. This article also looks at the ways in which parents handle the stress of having a teenage child at home and briefly discusses the implication for parental counselling.
Seventh Evelyn Hursey and Khwaja Gulam-us Saiyidain Memorial Lecture
Delivered at Delhi School of Social Work in-1985
This is an introductory report of an ecological movement going on in the Western Ghat region of Karnataka. An attempt is made to present the movement in a historical context. This report draws upon the experience of local people.
The Western Ghat mountain range from Gujarat to Kerala plays a crucial role in maintaining the environmental stability of the Deccan plateau. Important rivers like Krishna, Bhima, Cauvery and Tungabhadra originate from the thick forests of Western Ghats. The whole Western Ghat belt forms the catchment area of important rivers of South India. The forests of this region are known as tropical forests, which bring rain by intercepting monsoon winds. Amidst the green hills, there are small patches of cultivable land. The area is famous for black-pepper, cardamom, arecanut (Supari), coffee and banana. The forests have proved to be the perennial source of water to the region and have also made possible continuous supply of green manure. The total self-reliant life style of people has thus remained integrated with nature
Thousands of malnourished children suffer in silence. And no one cares
Something is not always better than nothing. Hungry little ones would rather sleep on an empty stomach than gulp down inedible ‘packet food’.
The last time Mahadevi, 3, braved a mouthful of the disable bath (a rice dish) distributed at the anganvadi In Appanadodi, 25km from Raichur, Karnataka, she cried all night. “She had a terrible stomach upset,” says her mother, Narasamma.
The objective of this study is to examine how the men are helping their wives in the day-to-day domestic activities. In this context an attempt is made to explain how far the men belonging to dual earning families are involved in domestic responsibilities.
India is a culturally and linguistically diverse country where people of many religions, castes, creeds and tribes live together. But, they share some common beliefs, values and norms that help them identify themselves as members of that society. Hofstede (2001) labelled India as a collectivist society where people from birth onwards are integrated into strong, interrelated groups, which continue to protect themselves throughout their lifetime. Collectivist values like interdependence; family integrity, security, obedience and traditional values are given importance by the people of collectivist culture.
Preventive and Promotive Health Care Programme for Children of Rural Karnataka Integrating Health and Education for School Children
(A Joint Programme of Shri Siddaganga Math/ PANACEA Hospital/ CTPHCF (CAMHADD Trisector Preventive Health Care Foundation)/ for 10,000 School Children of Siddaganga Math- Tumkur (Karnataka State, India) in collaboration with Tri Sector Partners)
Chairman & managing Director, Panacea Hospital, Bangalore
I am happy to go through your initiative regarding the healthcare programme for the children of Sree Siddaganga residential Primary school, Sri Siddalingeswara High school and Sri Basaveshwara High School. As mentioned in your letter, the children of today in general and those from rural areas in particular deserve a safer, fairer and healthier world. Therefore, your attempt to develop preventive healthcare programme in collaboration with Tri Sector preventive healthcare Foundation and various other associates in really laudable.
As the programme is going to benefit the 9000 children of Siddaganga Gurukula who are essentially from rural background, the math is happy to associate itself with you and your group, who are working for this noble cause.
With best wishes,
Sree Sivakumara Swamigalu
Old age is a closing period in life. It is a period when people move away from previous, more desirable periods or times of usefulness. As people move away from the earlier periods of their lives, they often look back on them usually regretting and tend to live in the past, ignoring the future as much as possible (Kuypers, 1972).
The quest for a better world is an ever-prevalent dream. We live in an age of unprecedented prosperity, but also unspeakable deprivation around the world. Equitable distribution of resources is the need of the day. Many programmes and policies are formulated in this direction. The year 2016 marks an end of the era of one such programme: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which drove the global development agenda since the new millennium. The MDGs have now paved the way for another set of goals that the world will strive to achieve over the next fifteen years: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG’s are an outcome of the conversation on the intersectionality between economic, social and environmental change. These ambitious and aspirational SDGs call for significant rethinking in development processes across the world. this paper is an attempt to reflect on the MDG era and consider the possible way forward for achieving the ambitious and inclusive agenda of SDGs while reflecting upon the possible role of social workers in making this viable. The emerging relationship between the policy makers and the masses brought about by the mediation of the social worker epitomises the fundamental ongoing changes This paper is an attempt to trace the lofty development goals of the SDG’s juxtaposed against the MDG’s while delineating, the potential significance of the dynamic social relationships between various stakeholders.
Keywords: MDG’s, SDG’s, Development Goals, Social Workers, Stakeholders, Role.
Background: The growing trend of alcohol and substance abuse among the adolescents and students community is becoming a serious and treble issue. Glorification of alcohol and drugs in modern life has made the issue more pathetic. Now a day’s people start experimenting with the alcohol and other illicit in very little age. Studies found prevalent use of alcohol among students; even those not used yet started have a very positive attitude towards alcohol and substances.
Overview: India is one among the countries rich in water resources in the world. According to Central Water Commission’s annual report 2014-15 rainfall in India varies from 100 mm in Western most regions to 11000 mm in Eastern most region. The estimated average annual rainfall in India is 117cms. Central water commission estimates that the average annual precipitation is 13200 TMCft (Thousand Million Cubic Feet) in which about 9900 TMCft of water precipitates during monsoon. The overall natural runoff and estimated utilizable surface water resources is 6555.45 TMCft and 1980 TMCft respectively. Along with this about 1320 TMCft ground water is also available for utilization. As per Central Water Commission (CWC) which makes periodic assessment of the country‘s water resources estimates water resources potential of the country that naturally runoff in the rivers is about 6167.7 TMCft. But due to various constraints of topography and uneven distribution over space and time, only about 3705 TMCft of the total annual water potential can be put to beneficial use. This can be achieved through 2277 TMCft of utilizable surface water and 1428.9 TMCft through ground water. While water for drinking purpose has been accorded top most priority in water use, irrigation is the major consumer of water. Ultimate Irrigation Potential which can be created through major and medium irrigation projects is assessed as 58.47 Mha. Besides this, an additional irrigation potential about 35 Mha can be created by taking up long distance inter basin transfer of water from surplus to deficit basins.
“A Study on Women Self Help Groups (SHGs) and Development of Rural Entrepreneurship in Selected villages of Uttar Kannada District”
Development is a multi-dimensional process which affects nation in many ways. It is well known that women constitute half of the national population but their contribution in the economy and other development faces remain unnoticed. The women entrepreneurship is an effective strategy to solve the problem of rural poverty. It promotes the quality of life by motivating women potentiality. The present research aims at focusing some specific areas pertaining to probabilities and hurdles of developing rural entrepreneurship exclusively executed by women SHGs. SHGs are playing a vital role in promoting rural entrepreneurship utilizing local knowledge, occupational skills and available local resources involving women workforce. Policy Makers, Rural Development Practitioners and Educationists in recent years concentrating their attention on SHGs as an instrument for the over all development of rural women and constructive social change.
Key Words- Women Self Help Groups, Women entrepreneur, Rural entrepreneurship, Rural women, Micro enterprise, Women empowerment.
Disability is often misunderstood and a person with disability is consequently excluded by the society. This has led to non-recognition of the full capacity of the person with disability, thus de-valuing him or her and relegating this person further to the margins. Strengths approach is a relevant paradigm that social workers can use to enhance the capacities of intervention with a person with disability. Using a case illustration, this article highlights the application of strengths based practice in disability counseling.
A comparative study of the physically disabled and normal workmen in industries. Four main variables viz job satisfaction, job involvement, occupational stress and job performance were used in studying the two groups in industry.
Research Registered: 1991 Awarded: 1996
Guide: Dr. N. Venkataswamy Reddy, Rtd Professor of social work, Bangalore university.
Objectives of the selected topic: Highlighting the contribution of the disabled employees to industries. Justifying the reservations that are being given. Promotion of rights of the disabled.
University Awarded: Bangalore University
A Study on Quality of Life of People in the Forest Hideouts (With special reference to Sulebaavi Haadi, Kodagu.)
This paper aims to provide a clear picture of ground reality of the quality of life of tribes in the forest hideouts. In this democratic era all nations act like welfare country. Here, the welfare means nothing but the welfare of people. It will be meaningful if every one of the nation is included in the process of welfare. But many groups of people are still marginalised. In India, quality of life of tribes is felt apprehensive. The study is based on both primary and secondary sources of data. This study tries to focus on hurdles in implementing government projects for tribes, and differences between government reports and reality.
Key words: quality of life, tribes, government projects, programmes for tribes.
Sanjeevkumar Y. Yaliballi
The word adolescence comes from a Latin word ‘adolescere’meaning to grow in maturity. In the life of every adolescent girl menarche is a significant event. It marks the transition of girlhood to a woman hood. This transitional period is marked with onset of Menarche which is the one of most important physiological changes occurring among girls during the adolescent year. It heralds the onset of physiological maturity in girls. Menstruation is generally considered as unclean in Indian communities. Girls and women are subjected to restrictions in their daily life simply because they are menstruating. Beside the health problems due to poor hygiene during menstruation, there seems to be substantial lack of knowledge about menstruation and its management among girls living in observation home.
Mining Workers Health and Safety Conditions – A Case Study on Bharat Gold Mines Limited (BGML) Employees
In India, as per as International Labour Organisation report (1999), there are more than 10,000 mines (of which 10%–60% may be illegal),employing about 1 million people including women and children. The extent of illegal mining is often linked to difficulties in obtaining permits. In these mines,there are serious problems as regards health and safety, the environment,hygiene and working conditions.Like most economic activities, mining has positive and negative aspects. It is closely linked to economic development, particularly in the rural sector in many developing countries and helps to stem rural-urban migration,maintaining the link between people and the land. The social and economic complexity of mining and the fact there is nomodel on which to develop a sound theory or programme needs a research study. Hence, the study was conducted at Bharat Gold Mines Limited (BGML) at KGF. The present study tried to understand the health and safety conditions of the mining employees, In this paper researcher is going to present three case studies and discussing the intervention of social workers.
Key words: Health and safety, family background, gold mining, intervention of social workers.
“Mathru devo bhava, pithru devo bhava” – treat the parents as gods, thus prescribe the Upanishad.
T.K.Nair (T. Krishnan Nair) was born in 1936. After his Master’s degree in statistics from Kerala University at Thiruvananthapuram and some work experience, he preferred social work as the future career. He joined the Madras School of Social Work in 1961 for the post graduate programme in Social work. T K Nair joined the Karnataka University at Dharwad in March 1964 as Research Officer of the sponsored research programme in the Department of Social Anthroplogy and Social Work. In 1967, he joined the Madras School of Social Work as a member of the teaching faculty. He was Professor handling Research Methodology and Human Resources. He was also awarded the Ph.D in Social Work by Andhra University. His doctoral thesis was adjudged best in Humanities and Social Sciences and awarded gold medal by the University.
Alcohol use Disorder Identification Test (Audit) Based Profile of Alcohol Addicted Patients in aCommunity Based De Addiction Camp of Mysore
Introduction: Alcohol is the commonest substance abused by the human beings. The consumption of alcohol has been growing rapidly over the last two decades and alcoholic beverages are a standard lubricant at social gathering and those who refuse to consume run the risk of being social outcasts. Deaddiction and rehabilitation of alcoholics is a very crucial step to mainstream such demarginalised members of the society. The family and community at large play a very important role in reintegrating those with alcohol abuse. The community based camps provides easy access for those addicted to overcome their illness in a reassuring environment. With this background, the present study was conducted with the objective to assess the Audit profile of the study participants in a community based deaddiction camp.
What is suicide?
People think that death due to suicide is a rare event. Actually, it is not; it ranks ten among the leading causes of death in most countries. Suicide is generally described as the act of purposefully ending one’s life. Opinion about suicide differs from culture to culture and from country to country. Some religions like Christianity and Islam consider suicide a sin. Some states brand suicide attempt as a crime punishable by law. But in several other cultures, it is approved as a sacred religious act. Some Jain saints in India voluntarily end their life and the act is considered sacred. Jains ending their life out of starvation is not considered as suicide but an culturally accepted act. Japanese engage in hara-kiri when a person has had a serious failure in life or has been dishonored. Several people kill themselves when someone whom they adored (king, queen, leader, hero or heroine) dies. Nowadays, several individuals (terrorists) are trained to kill themselves as suicide bombers. There are people who undertake a hunger strike unto death. Some psychologists and psychiatrists consider suicide as a mental disorder; several people are found to kill themselves within a week after their discharge from a mental hospital.
It covers every aspect of handling autism
Spreading the word:Volunteers of the ‘I Support Foundation’ at the ‘chai pe charcha’ in BTM Layout, Bengaluru.
Growing up in Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh, sisters Juhi and Bobby Ramani had to surmount many hurdles with an autistic brother. That was in the late 1990s, when there was a drought in resources and awareness of autism. Today, at 20, Shivam is an autistic adult, and the sisters are IT professionals who used their expertise along with two dozen of their ilk to launch an app called ‘Autism Care’ last November.
The United Nations anticipates 8 billion people by 2025, 9 billion by 2043 and 10 billion by 2083
This week, the United Nations estimates, the world's population will reach seven billion. Because censuses are frequent and incomplete, no one knows the precise data. The US Census Bureau puts it somewhere next March-but there can be no doubt that humanity is approaching a milestone.
The first billion people accumulated over a leisurely interval, from the origins of humans hundreds of thousands of year ago to the early 1800s. Adding the second took another 120 or so years. Then, in the last 50 years, humanity more than doubled, surging from three billion in 1959 to four billion in1974, five billion in 1987 and six billion in 1998. This rate of population increase has no historical precedent.
(an unfinished task of Mahatma Gandhi and a step towards national integration placed before, endorsed and accepted by THE NATIONAL CONSULTATIVE CONVENTION held at the National Institute of Education, Pune (Maharashtra) on 5th and 6th March 2011)
The evil of untouchability which is a standing shame and a blot on Hindu society and on India as a nation, has existed for ages and will certainly continue to exist during the coming ages unless determined, persistent, meaningful and effective efforts are made to eradicate it and absorb dalits into Hindu society on equal terms with all other Hindus at least in the foreseeable future. Mahatma Gandhi strived hard all his life in India and carried on a campaign for removing this evil system. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the unrelenting champion of the cause of dalits and other downtrodden people strived in his own way towards this end, and finally, because this could not be achieved during his life time, preferred not to die as a Hindu. He had hopes that the dalits would be fully integrated into Hindu society before long and hence, in the Constitution of India of which he was the chief architect, he set for this task a time limit of ten years and hence, while untouchability was legally abolished in the Constitution, he got the privileges of reservation of economic and other benefits, political and other opportunities for Scheduled Castes restricted to 10 years. But, since the evil persists, these reservations have become a continuing phenomenon with no end to untouchability and the woes of dalits in sight.