The main inspiration for the introduction of the formal training for social work come to this country from the West, especially the United States, when the first training institute was established in 1936 under the directorship an American. The program of education has basically three components: classroom courses, research project and field work. The objectives of professional education currently are to prepare the type and quality of man power capable of performing the professional tasks and functions currently being performed by variety of organizations employing social workers.
Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Another popular definition of Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal (Northouse’s (2007, p3). Good leaders are made not born. If you have desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader .Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self study, education, training and experience (jago1982).
Education is been considered as an effective tool of change. It is alleged that with qualitative education one can change his or her realities of life. Social work claims that it helps people to change their situations from bitter to better and work for inclusive policy, social justice and social development. After seven decades of its journey, social work still lag behind to lead people in difficult circumstances. In these decades the issues raised by developmental decisions of Indian government have put major changes needed in social work education and practice. There are theories, approaches in social work we are imparting but what is needed today is a competence. Competence is something which will make social work students to lead people’s issues. It seems that competence based education and fieldwork is dire need to resolve the crisis in social work. This reflective article is an attempt to line up the current scenario, dilemmas, new demands posed by new era of social work.
Key words: leadership, competence, crisis, operationalizing, social work.
Public and people-centered advocacy are shaped by the political culture, social systems, and constitutional framework of the country in which they are practiced. It is the practice of advocacy that determines the theory, and not vice a versa. If advocacy is not rooted in grassroots realities and is practiced only at the macro level, the voice of the marginalized is increasingly likely to be appropriated by professional elites. However, the very credibility of advocacy practitioners depends on their relationship with mass-based movements and grassroots perceptions of what constitutes desirable social change.
Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Political Empowerment and Leadership Development of Dalits in Gujarat
The present research paper attempts to examine the programme carried out by the four selected NGOs for the political empowerment of dalits in Gujarat. Each NGO’s one major programme directed towards the political empowerment of dalits have been identified and analysed to find out their suitability for the political empowerment and leadership development of Dalits. The paper describes and analyses programme of NGOs, keeping in view political empowerment and leadership aspects. The researcher has considered ten categories such as basic information of programme; process of planning for programme; process of resource arrangement and utilization; programme execution process; nature of local participation in programme; Dalit empowerment aspects in programmme; decision making process; monitoring; evaluation; sustainability of programme, while analyzing, interpreting and discussing about the contribution of programme of each NGO to understand the political empowerment process of dalits. It also highlights the process of capacity building and leadership development among dalits and tries to understand the extent of NGO’s contribution in the political empowerment of dalits.
Key Words: Leadership, NGOs, Political, Empowerment, Programme, Dalits
In the 21st century, the idea of leadership development is related to social networking. Society is looking for ways of changing; modifying, improving or transforming things in terms of the social, economic, structural, political and cultural causes of the problems and environment in which we live. Cyber communication gives us the opportunity to connect with people (customers, employees, leaders, friends, community) directly and indirectly. Not in just a one-way, but a two-way conversation.” Leaders today are expected to be customer-centric and responsive, and social media helps them to meet and exceed these expectations. Social media helps companies to find out what their customers really think. This helps leaders make decisions that better support with customers’ emerging needs. Cyber communication helps leaders stay on top of trends in their industry like never before. This helps leaders see new opportunities for growth. Social media delivers news fast.
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