Social Group Work Practice by Nongovernmental Organisations for Upliftment of People Affected and Infected by AIDS: A Study in Andhra Pradesh
This article provides information on Social Group Work practice in various nongovernmental organisations working in HIV/AIDS sector in Andhra Pradesh. The study observed that the NGOs started groups for children, adult and grannies affected by AIDS and also started positive networks to solve the problems by themselves. Social Group Work is a boon to the social work practitioners which make easy to work with groups. It may be difficult to initiate groups in HIV/AIDS sector due to stigma and discrimination but few NGOs have effectively implemented social group work practice with the HIV affected people. HIV/AIDS is one of the major social problems in developing countries like India. It is associated with Social Stigma and Discrimination and also barrier to development of the nations. Support groups are an instrument for the HIV infected people to reduce stigma and discrimination and promoted quality of life.
Right to Safe Drinking Water with Special Reference to Bangalore City - A Legal Regulation of Ground Water Management
Ground water levels are fast depleting in urban areas due to overdraft. It is an alternate source to limited surface water supplies. This paper provides count on tube wells estimating dependence, draft and depletion in Bangalore City Corporation. Survey of every bore wells was conducted every year with Governmental Agency is appreciable. The ground water management through legal regulation is needed in Bangalore City Corporation. The existing ground water laws should be strictly implemented for protection and preservation of ground water. Privatization of ground water needs attention in the light of right to drinking water as it threats to free access of safe drinking water.
Keywords: Drinking water, Ground water, Bangalore, Pollution, Legal regulation
The paper has probed and evaluated teachers’ opinions about the Kishori Awareness Program-a school based Life Skills Education for adolescent girls in the Kannada Medium Government schools in Hubli-Dharwad. This study is based on the premise that for effectiveness of such programs, dedication and commitment of teachers is vital. The findings revealed that commitment and allegiance of teachers was rather low as they were not involved in any other phase of developing or evaluating the program, except its implementation. It is therefore recommended for the teachers’ involvement at all levels of the program formulation or a thorough preparatory training to achieve their active participation and keen monitoring of their participation.
Key words: Teachers’ opinions, School based Intervention, Life Skills Education for girls.
Women employment has become a common feature in India. People have started realizing that it is an aspect of equality in practice and it is essential for women empowerment. Work-life balance is a recent concept applied to all the types of working population. But its application has significance very much with working women population. Most of the present day women employees are able to balance between work and life, as work is an advantage for their economic independence and empowerment. The present article is an outcome of a research study, a part of a doctoral study of the author that highlights the factors that induce the work-life balance among women employees.
Just as heterosexuality is considered as a norm in the society homosexual relations and homosexuality are looked as repulsive and abnormal. Sexual minority as a community is marginalized, excluded and deprived from the wider links to main stream community life due to their sexuality. Stigmatization around feminization produces a range of problems from verbal abuses to threats to their life. Stigma, denial and violence push them to severe health problems especially mental health problems. From their childhood to old age they undergo lots of crisis. They are forced to go away from their family at younger age. It is difficult to live in a stigmatized society without family support. This produces enormous psychological consequences such as stress, depression, anxiety, loneliness, self-destructive behavior. Suicidal tendency is very common among sexuality minority. Majority of them have attempted for suicide at least once in their lifetime. Since our society is more homophobic and homosexuality is considered as abnormal, these mental health issues are ignored. This article attempts to understand the problem of suicide among the homosexuals.
KEY WORDS: sexuality, homosexual, homophobia, mental health, violence, stress
Abstract & Suggestion :
Social Phobia also known as Social Anxiety can often inhibit a person to exhibit their full potential. Often it may be a result of the sub-culture within an ethnic group or imposed on a certain gender example: females or may be a part of their personality pattern. While social phobia itself is not life threatening but do limit the growth or realizing the self potential. It often affects self esteem or productivity of a person. The author has drawn materials from several sources to make it more presentable to all groups starting from – what is social phobia to how to overcome.
Prof Shankar Pathak, Retired Professor Of Social Work, Department Of Social Work, Delhi University, Delhi.
He was also Director, Field Work for four years and Founder -Director of Child Guidance Center- a Field Action Project
Hemalatha: How important are Field Action Projects (FAPs) to become a criterion for quality assessment of education in social work
Prof, Pathak: It is quite a difficult question. Without field work there cannot be social work education. If you search the meaning for ‘Social’ in any Dictionary, you may find various words, especially you will get the word ‘Society’. In its widest sense ‘anything that you do in society can be considered as social, However, there is a restricted meaning which is used when we refer to social work. Coming to FAPs, it may become necessary if there are no good agencies in an adequate number to place and train students. Good agencies may also not be available to students for field work placement for a variety of reasons. FAPs become necessary then.
Dr.H.M. Marulasiddaiah, Retired Professor of Social Work, Bangalore University
Dr. Hemalatha: NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council)considers Field Action Project’s (FAPs) as a criterion for assessment of institutions of social work, your reaction to this
Prof HMM: I whole heartedly welcome the criterion such as this as part of assessing social work institutions. Social work department cannot claim to be professional department without their own labs. This is akin to medical colleges without hospital facilities. Every school must have FAPs one urban and one rural.
This is an article on Dr. Ruth Manorama and her outstanding contribution for the liberation of the Dalits, particularly Dalit Women for forty years.
The article explains the meaning and scope of human rights as the collective rights of communities and peoples.The article examines the patriarchal social order in relation to women's rights. The different perspectives and approaches of women's rights are discussed in the article. Analysis of power and violence, and the power of impunity are critically analysed. Rights of women with disabilities, women victims of evictions and displacements, and women belonging to fishing communities also form parts of the article. Gendered division of labour and women in governance are discussed critically in the article.
This brief article is intended to give a link to the articles on Women’s Rights and on Dr.Ruth Manorama. It includes birth-based caste system, atrocities against Dalits from a Dalit poet’s angle, the Prevention of Atrocities (against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) Act, and continuing violations of the law.
The article focuses on the positive requirements to ensure long-lasting industrial peace. The first part of the article discusses the comprehensive settlement between the South India Mill Owners’ Association (SIMA), Coimbatore and trade unions in 1956, which served as a model agreement for the Indian textile industry. The second part describes the author’s experiences at Ashok Leyland, the second largest automobile factory in India. A company with one union, Ashok Leyland, had a good industrial relations climate till an aggressive leader became the union president. Go-slow, lay off, gherao, closure of the company, large scale disciplinary action and replacement of the external union president by a workman as president were witnessed in the company. The last section of the article narrates a gentleman’s agreement and a win-win collective bargaining settlement.
Dear friends Prof. H.M. Marulashiddaiah respected guests Mr. Rajasekharan, Dr. Sudarsan & Other Friends.
I would first of all like to express my gratitude for the opportunity to attend this programme and having been invited say a few words about Social Work from a Swedish perspective.
In s outh India, Tamil Nadu forms one of the major zones that consist of important tribal groups. According to the 2001 census, the Scheduled Tribe population in Tamil Nadu is 6.51 lakhs, consisting of 1.04 per cent of the total population. Thirtysix Scheduled Tribes have been notified in Tamil Nadu by the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled tribes order (Amendment) Act 1976 and among them, six groups namely, Paniyan, Todas, Kotas, Irulas, Kattunayakkan and Kurumbas are categorized as particularly vulnerable tribal Groups who are populated in Nilgiri District.
Experience on rehabilitation of children and the challenges in the process from Bangalore Government Children’s Homes
If you enter the CWC, Bangalore Urban hall on any given day you would find several boys being herded. You would also find some adults waiting for their turn to be called in. A few adults would be discussing with the children. A few officers would be rustling with their files and piles of papers. NGO personnel also would be going round with their files and papers meeting the Committee members, children and their parents or employers or identified touts who might be responsible for bringing children from far off places. You may also occasionally find some police men and advocates.
I would like to begin by acknowledging the traditional owners of the land we meet today, the Kukkarahalli / Paduvarahalli people. Thank you to the Academic Staff College, University of Mysore for inviting me to speak today.
Also, thank Prof Muzaffar Assadi, the Course Coordinator for his introduction. Social workers by very definition are human rights workers. Social workers help individuals realize their rights everyday and are ideally placed to help communities claim their collective rights.
In many countries of the world today, people with disabilities are deprived of their rights and liberties, excluded from society, and blamed for many of society's most unsolvable problems, such as crime and homelessness. People with disabilities, particularly people with mental disabilities are involuntarily locked away in institutions, subjected to abuse and neglect, and deprived of their right to live as equal citizens in the community. Persons with disabilities often are excluded from the mainstream of the society and denied of their human rights. Studies now suggest that treatment through community inclusion for many people with mental disabilities in the world is less costly than institutionalization, and that treatment is usually more effective.(1)
Sir Dorabjee Graduate School of Social Work which was established in 1936 became Tata Institute of Social Sciences after about 4 years. The reasons for change of name is not known, though this may be available in the TISS records. While the name of the institution was changed, the name of the journal published by TISS remained unchanged,an anamoly which needs to be corrected. It is time-after the 2006 major restructuring of TISS, that the name of the journal should also be changed to the “Indian Journal of Social Sciences” (Incorporating the Indian Journal of Social Work).
Dr. Vasudev. Pandurangi Life History
Date of birth : 5th January 1930
Place : Ranebennur, Karnataka
Father’s Name : Ramacharya
Mother’s Name : Seethabai
Brothers : Three
Sisters : Four
Education : MD (Obstetrics & Gynecology) Grant Medical College Bombay
Marital Status : Married with three children-two sons and one daughter
The phenomenon of human trafficking has increased significantly over the past two decades, both globally and in South Asian countries. India is a source; destination and transit country for men, women and children trafficked for the purpose of forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation. Women and girl are trafficked within the country for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced marriage. Children are also subjected to forced labour as factory workers, domestic servants, beggars and agricultural workers. Due persistent inequalities worldwide, women are more vulnerable to this practice which is a consequence of structured gender inequality in the form of violence. Trafficking for sexual exploitation typically includes abuse within the commercial sex industry (US trafficking in person’s report 2009).
Poverty and health is one of the important aspects because it is going hand in hand. As the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health (CMH) of the World Health Organization (WHO) has shown, substantially improved health outcomes are a prerequisite if developing countries are to break out of the circle of poverty. Good health contributes to development through a number of pathways, which partly overlap but in each case add to the total impact: Higher labour productivity, Higher rates of domestic and foreign investment, Improved human capital, Higher rates of national savings. Demographic changes. Health systems comprise the promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services delivered by health personnel and their support structures (e.g. drug-procurement systems). They include both public- and private-sector services (for-profit and not-forprofit), formal and informal, as well as traditional services, and home- and family-based care. In many developing countries health systems are weak and fragmented, with the result that millions of the world’s poor do not have access to the public health services and personal care they need. In this respect, a major challenge is to address the gender, ethnic and socio-economic biases in health service delivery in order to reach vulnerable groups and groups with special needs.
Managing good health is difficult due to many stressors in our daily life. A person with good in financial condition faces health problems and gets disturb psychologically sometimes. It is very challenging to have good health for people facing poverty because they face many stressors in day to day life. As we know, poverty is one of social problems in India. Poverty leads to other problems also. Poverty is an inability to fulfil the physiological needs, that is, need for existence, safety and security. The number of poor people in India, according to the country’s Eleventh National Development Plan, amounts to more than 300 million. The country has successful in reducing the proportion of poor people from about 55 percent in 1973 to about 27 percent in 2004, but almost one-third of the country’s of more than 11 billion continues to live below the poverty like, and a large proportion of poor people live in rural areas (R.Ahuja, 2014).
According to the Third National Handloom Census of Handloom Weavers and Allied Workers 2010, nearly 27.83 lakh handloom households are engaged in weaving and allied activities, out of which 87% are located in rural areas and remaining 13 % in urban areas. The handloom sector is second largest source of employment in the country, next only to agriculture. It provides employment for 12.5 million people and is the largest rural employment provider next to agriculture.
Poverty in India, according to the Planning Commission report, has reduced successfully in 2009-10 from 1973. Similarly, the rural poverty also declined during the same period. However, India is still facing the mass poverty even after successful completion of Eleventh Five Year Plan. For poverty alleviation, India started a number of programs and policies; but all remained unsuccessful. Despite achieving more than 5 per cent economic growth, the trickle-down effect idea to reach the benefit of growth to the poor also failed. Several laws were passed for poverty alleviation, but they too could not help much to the poor. Now, the planning commission thought of “inclusive growth” for the poor to be included in the growth and development process. MGNREGA is one of the important act for the rural people to include in the growth process. It is helpful in reducing poverty in rural areas by providing 100 days guaranteed wage employment. In the villages, the infrastructures are created, which is of prime importance for the development of the rural as well as the urban areas. MGNREGA is also helpful in raising the standard of living of the rural people. However, the people in rural areas welcomed the MGNREGA, but considered it as “half a loaf is better than none”. India fixed the target for the growth of 9.0 to 9.5 percent for the Twelfth plan, but it should be inclusive. Poverty, therefore, must be addressed at priority basis, because growth has no meaning without reducing misery and hunger to the large sections of the society. In India, more than 70 present people live in rural areas and among rural population. Marginalized sections of the society are more vulnerable.
Gender norms and patterns are rigid, and very often put women in disadvantaged positions relative to men – including limiting women’s equal access to decent work. But gender norms can and do change. Economic policies – at the macro, meso and micro levels – can be designed in ways that are transformative and that enhance gender equity. The ability of paid employment to expand women’s range of choices – hence contributing to closing persistent gender gaps in labour markets and within households – is related to the type of jobs women have access to, the level and regularity of their earnings, the opportunities for mobilizing and organizing, and the ways in which women’s and men’s productive and reproductive roles are coordinated and protected through policies. Gender based deprivations and inequalities; poverty can be very debilitating and add on to the vulnerabilities of women. Another significant issue is regarding the fact that experiences and responses to poverty are dissimilar among men and women, due to the gendered constraints and variations in the opportunities (Masika, et al., 1997; Razavi, 2000).
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