The paper is based on the secondary sources on the issues of ethical values, curriculum, education and violation against women in India. It argues that ethical values are the core aspect to prevent and mitigate the issues of atrocities and violation against women in a patriarchic society like India. It also offers suggestion to skirminish violation against women. One of the measures is to imbibe ethical values to the younger generation by updating such issues in the curriculum.
Key Words: Ethics, Curriculum, Violation, Gender Equality
The Health Status of Rural Elderly Women in Karnataka: A Study on Benakatti Village of Bagalkot District
The present paper analyses the health status of the rural women in India. Ageing is a global phenomenon. In India, majority of 75 percent of elderly persons reside in rural areas out of which about 48.2 percent comprise women. Today these elderly women face miserable conditions in their life; women are an especially vulnerable group. An overwhelming portion of this group are widows who, in India, suffer multiple miseries—being women, being widows, being poor, living longer, more ago lives than men. The ageing of the 80+, with numerous morbidities, needs more attention. This section of people suffers more on account of disability, chronic disease, terminal illness, dementia and depression, accidents, falls, nutritional deficiencies, loneliness, etc. Furthermore, they are subjected to elderly abuse, sharpened by neglect and isolation, which makes them financially and emotionally dependent on their families and others.
Adolescence is a transition period where adolescent children become increasingly independent from their families but the existing literature reiterates that family is central to the healthy development and transition of adolescents. But, adolescents as well as the families today, are in a fast paced changing society which significantly influences both. The changes in the society not only pose a threat to family as a primary social environment for human development but also present demands on it to function better. In this article, the authors take a closer look at the demands and challenges of the family context today and analyses the effect of a social work family intervention for strengthening family as a critical context for healthy adolescent development.
Keywords: Family context, adolescent well being, family strengths, family intervention.
The child labour is the phenomenon which is observed to be widely prevalent in most of the developing economies of the world including India. The children in the economically poor and socially deprived families are sent to work in their early child hood to supplement the family income as the families do not have enough resources to send them to schools and make them honour their childhood. Though India is signatory of various international conventions and agreements like ILO, UNICEF child labour in India still persists and it is not completely eradicated. In the Indian context the past two decades are considered as “Complete intellectual triumph of the trinity of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation.” According to the data released by the Planning Commission on 22 July, 2013, poverty in India has declined from 37.2 percent in 2004-05 to 21.9 percent by 2011-12.
This study focuses on the accessibility and usability of digital infrastructure and knowledge of using various online services. This study is conducted to understand and explore the status of digital literacy among youths at Jarauthi Village, Aligarh. The study uses both primary and secondary data, to understand the vision and perspectives at the policy level and to analyze the ground realities at the village level. The total sample of the present study is 60 educated youth (32 Male and 28 Female) and data has been collected through purposive sampling. The paper also discusses certain measures for the successful implementation of National Digital Literacy Mission in light of the findings of the study.
Keywords: Digital Literacy, Information Communication Technology, Good Governance, Digitalisation
Whether Family and Gender Matters in Manifestation of Life Stress among Professional Postgraduate Students?
Gangadhar B. Sonar
The paper is an attempt to see whether the variables family and gender have anything to do with manifestation of life stress among the professional postgraduate students. It explores the manifestation of stress in the areas of personal, familial, economic, academic and social. The level of stress has been measured using a seven point Likert scale measuring life stress from no stress to the stress of unbearable extent. It is found that students have life stress of various levels. Personal, family, social, economic and academic aspects have a bearing on developing life stress. The variables family and gender have significant difference with select variables in developing life stress. It is suggested that the student mentoring system and stress prevention, intervention need to be introduced in order to help students to cope up successfully.
Key Words: Life Stress, Family, Gender, Professional Postgraduate students.
The emerging discipline of Positive Youth Development (PYD) asserts that though issues exist among youths, they can realize their life aspiration and nurture their assets through appropriate guidance and therefore become key contributors to the society. This approach further proposes that when necessary resources or skill building programmes are provided to the younger generation to enhance their inbuilt ability such as competence, confidence, connection and caring members of the community with good character, than they can become agents of social transformation and social contributors towards their family, community, and society.
Limited savings and lack of access to credit life make difficult for many poor people, particularly women in low-income countries, to become self-employed and to undertake productive employment and income-generating ventures (Khandker, 1998). Kudumbashree was launched by the Government of Kerala in 1998 to wipe out the absolute poverty from the state through community actions under the leadership of local self-governments. At present, the programme has covered 39.97 lakh members and its benefits get more than 50% of the households of Kerala, based on three critical components like micro credit, entrepreneurship and empowerment (Kudumbashree Annual Report, 2015). The Sustainable Livelihood (SL) is recognizing the diverse dimensions of poverty and strengthen the poor people for adopt to secure their development (UNDP, 2009). The micro-enterprises for women are a commonly used strategy for women empowerment (Ganle, J. K., Afriyie, K., & Segbefia, A. Y., 2015) and livelihood promotion. This article documents the provisions for women empowerment and sustainable livelihood through micro-enterprises developments of Kudumbashree project in Kerala.
Key words: Women empowerment, Micro-enterprises development, Sustainable livelihood, Kudumbashree in Kerala
Health is an important aspect of human Resource development. Good health care facilities and essential for creating healthy citizen and society that can effectively contribute to social and economic development. With increased urbanization, industrialization, are contribution of health resistance and the changing nature of health problems has become a great concern for world today. Therefore three of eight millennium development goes 1) Emphasize on health , they are to reduce child mortality 2) To improve mental combat 3) To reduce HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases.
Confronting Hygiene Issues: Interrogating School Sanitation and Hygiene Education in Rural Bundelkhand
School is important for cognitive, creative and social development of children. So are the School Sanitation and Hygiene Education, necessary for the safe, secure and healthy environment for children to learn better and face the challenges of future life. Sanitation is one of the basic determinants of quality of life and human development index. Good sanitary practices go a long way in helping to prevent diseases. Hand washing and oral hygiene are the basic steps to maintaining good health. The present study is a school based survey undertaken among children in a state government Primary school in three villages of Sagar district with the objectives of finding out the prevalent status of personal hygiene in the study population and school’s role in promoting these practices among the students. The total sample was 100 students. The study was conducted using interview schedule and questionnaire from school authorities and parents of students and informal interaction with the school students. Most of the junior children carried their own water bottles to the school, while this practice decreased as they grew older and senior. Almost all the children adhered to the good habit of washing their hands after using the toilet, always, or at least most of the times, but the practice of using soap was variable. The present study revealed a generally good standard of hygiene amongst the study population. However, steps are required to be taken to improve the status of personal hygiene of all the school children, who are found lacking in this aspect, through various coordinated primordial as well as primary preventive measures like imparting health education.
Keywords: Hand washing, Sanitation, School children, Toilet, Urban, Water
Social Group Work Practice by Nongovernmental Organisations for Upliftment of People Affected and Infected by AIDS: A Study in Andhra Pradesh
This article provides information on Social Group Work practice in various nongovernmental organisations working in HIV/AIDS sector in Andhra Pradesh. The study observed that the NGOs started groups for children, adult and grannies affected by AIDS and also started positive networks to solve the problems by themselves. Social Group Work is a boon to the social work practitioners which make easy to work with groups. It may be difficult to initiate groups in HIV/AIDS sector due to stigma and discrimination but few NGOs have effectively implemented social group work practice with the HIV affected people. HIV/AIDS is one of the major social problems in developing countries like India. It is associated with Social Stigma and Discrimination and also barrier to development of the nations. Support groups are an instrument for the HIV infected people to reduce stigma and discrimination and promoted quality of life.
Right to Safe Drinking Water with Special Reference to Bangalore City - A Legal Regulation of Ground Water Management
Ground water levels are fast depleting in urban areas due to overdraft. It is an alternate source to limited surface water supplies. This paper provides count on tube wells estimating dependence, draft and depletion in Bangalore City Corporation. Survey of every bore wells was conducted every year with Governmental Agency is appreciable. The ground water management through legal regulation is needed in Bangalore City Corporation. The existing ground water laws should be strictly implemented for protection and preservation of ground water. Privatization of ground water needs attention in the light of right to drinking water as it threats to free access of safe drinking water.
Keywords: Drinking water, Ground water, Bangalore, Pollution, Legal regulation
The paper has probed and evaluated teachers’ opinions about the Kishori Awareness Program-a school based Life Skills Education for adolescent girls in the Kannada Medium Government schools in Hubli-Dharwad. This study is based on the premise that for effectiveness of such programs, dedication and commitment of teachers is vital. The findings revealed that commitment and allegiance of teachers was rather low as they were not involved in any other phase of developing or evaluating the program, except its implementation. It is therefore recommended for the teachers’ involvement at all levels of the program formulation or a thorough preparatory training to achieve their active participation and keen monitoring of their participation.
Key words: Teachers’ opinions, School based Intervention, Life Skills Education for girls.
Women employment has become a common feature in India. People have started realizing that it is an aspect of equality in practice and it is essential for women empowerment. Work-life balance is a recent concept applied to all the types of working population. But its application has significance very much with working women population. Most of the present day women employees are able to balance between work and life, as work is an advantage for their economic independence and empowerment. The present article is an outcome of a research study, a part of a doctoral study of the author that highlights the factors that induce the work-life balance among women employees.
Just as heterosexuality is considered as a norm in the society homosexual relations and homosexuality are looked as repulsive and abnormal. Sexual minority as a community is marginalized, excluded and deprived from the wider links to main stream community life due to their sexuality. Stigmatization around feminization produces a range of problems from verbal abuses to threats to their life. Stigma, denial and violence push them to severe health problems especially mental health problems. From their childhood to old age they undergo lots of crisis. They are forced to go away from their family at younger age. It is difficult to live in a stigmatized society without family support. This produces enormous psychological consequences such as stress, depression, anxiety, loneliness, self-destructive behavior. Suicidal tendency is very common among sexuality minority. Majority of them have attempted for suicide at least once in their lifetime. Since our society is more homophobic and homosexuality is considered as abnormal, these mental health issues are ignored. This article attempts to understand the problem of suicide among the homosexuals.
KEY WORDS: sexuality, homosexual, homophobia, mental health, violence, stress
Abstract & Suggestion :
Social Phobia also known as Social Anxiety can often inhibit a person to exhibit their full potential. Often it may be a result of the sub-culture within an ethnic group or imposed on a certain gender example: females or may be a part of their personality pattern. While social phobia itself is not life threatening but do limit the growth or realizing the self potential. It often affects self esteem or productivity of a person. The author has drawn materials from several sources to make it more presentable to all groups starting from – what is social phobia to how to overcome.
Prof Shankar Pathak, Retired Professor Of Social Work, Department Of Social Work, Delhi University, Delhi.
He was also Director, Field Work for four years and Founder -Director of Child Guidance Center- a Field Action Project
Hemalatha: How important are Field Action Projects (FAPs) to become a criterion for quality assessment of education in social work
Prof, Pathak: It is quite a difficult question. Without field work there cannot be social work education. If you search the meaning for ‘Social’ in any Dictionary, you may find various words, especially you will get the word ‘Society’. In its widest sense ‘anything that you do in society can be considered as social, However, there is a restricted meaning which is used when we refer to social work. Coming to FAPs, it may become necessary if there are no good agencies in an adequate number to place and train students. Good agencies may also not be available to students for field work placement for a variety of reasons. FAPs become necessary then.
Dr.H.M. Marulasiddaiah, Retired Professor of Social Work, Bangalore University
Dr. Hemalatha: NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council)considers Field Action Project’s (FAPs) as a criterion for assessment of institutions of social work, your reaction to this
Prof HMM: I whole heartedly welcome the criterion such as this as part of assessing social work institutions. Social work department cannot claim to be professional department without their own labs. This is akin to medical colleges without hospital facilities. Every school must have FAPs one urban and one rural.
This is an article on Dr. Ruth Manorama and her outstanding contribution for the liberation of the Dalits, particularly Dalit Women for forty years.
The article explains the meaning and scope of human rights as the collective rights of communities and peoples.The article examines the patriarchal social order in relation to women's rights. The different perspectives and approaches of women's rights are discussed in the article. Analysis of power and violence, and the power of impunity are critically analysed. Rights of women with disabilities, women victims of evictions and displacements, and women belonging to fishing communities also form parts of the article. Gendered division of labour and women in governance are discussed critically in the article.
This brief article is intended to give a link to the articles on Women’s Rights and on Dr.Ruth Manorama. It includes birth-based caste system, atrocities against Dalits from a Dalit poet’s angle, the Prevention of Atrocities (against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes) Act, and continuing violations of the law.
The article focuses on the positive requirements to ensure long-lasting industrial peace. The first part of the article discusses the comprehensive settlement between the South India Mill Owners’ Association (SIMA), Coimbatore and trade unions in 1956, which served as a model agreement for the Indian textile industry. The second part describes the author’s experiences at Ashok Leyland, the second largest automobile factory in India. A company with one union, Ashok Leyland, had a good industrial relations climate till an aggressive leader became the union president. Go-slow, lay off, gherao, closure of the company, large scale disciplinary action and replacement of the external union president by a workman as president were witnessed in the company. The last section of the article narrates a gentleman’s agreement and a win-win collective bargaining settlement.
Dear friends Prof. H.M. Marulashiddaiah respected guests Mr. Rajasekharan, Dr. Sudarsan & Other Friends.
I would first of all like to express my gratitude for the opportunity to attend this programme and having been invited say a few words about Social Work from a Swedish perspective.
In s outh India, Tamil Nadu forms one of the major zones that consist of important tribal groups. According to the 2001 census, the Scheduled Tribe population in Tamil Nadu is 6.51 lakhs, consisting of 1.04 per cent of the total population. Thirtysix Scheduled Tribes have been notified in Tamil Nadu by the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled tribes order (Amendment) Act 1976 and among them, six groups namely, Paniyan, Todas, Kotas, Irulas, Kattunayakkan and Kurumbas are categorized as particularly vulnerable tribal Groups who are populated in Nilgiri District.
Experience on rehabilitation of children and the challenges in the process from Bangalore Government Children’s Homes
If you enter the CWC, Bangalore Urban hall on any given day you would find several boys being herded. You would also find some adults waiting for their turn to be called in. A few adults would be discussing with the children. A few officers would be rustling with their files and piles of papers. NGO personnel also would be going round with their files and papers meeting the Committee members, children and their parents or employers or identified touts who might be responsible for bringing children from far off places. You may also occasionally find some police men and advocates.
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